Git is an open source, distributed version control system (VCS). It’s commonly used for source code management (SCM), with sites like GitHub offering a social coding experience, and popular projects such as Perl, Ruby on Rails, and the Linux kernel using it.
First, you’ll follow a simple best practice: ensuring the list of available packages is up to date before installing anything new.
Then it’s a matter of just running one command for installation via apt-get:
apt-get install git-core
You’ll be asked to confirm the download and installation; simply enter <reference_page_text>y to confirm. Once this command is complete, git will be installed and ready to use!
As of the writing of this tutorial, the current version of Git is: git version 1.9.1. You can check the version of git that was installed by using the following command:
To prevent any commit errors, it’s a good idea to setup your user for git. We’ll setup the user <reference_page_text>testuser with the e-mail address <reference_page_text>firstname.lastname@example.org .
git config --global user.name "testuser"
git config --global user.email "email@example.com"
Next we’ll verify the configuration changes by viewing the <reference_page_text>.gitconfig . Since you may have been roaming around your server’s file system before starting this tutorial, use the <reference_page_text>cd command to return to your home directory:
And then view the <reference_page_text>.gitconfig :
You can also view the same details of your configuration by using the following command:
git config --list