How To Install Git on Ubuntu 12.04

Installation

First, you’ll follow a simple best practice: ensuring the list of available packages is up to date before installing anything new.

apt-get update


Then it’s a matter of just running one command for installation via apt-get:

apt-get install git-core


You’ll be asked to confirm the download and installation; simply enter y to confirm. Once this command is complete, git will be installed and ready to use!


As of the writing of this tutorial, the current version of Git available in the repositories is: git version 1.7.9.5. You can check the version of git that was installed by using the following command:

git --version


Configuration


To prevent any commit errors, it’s a good idea to setup your user for git. We’ll setup the user testuser with the e-mail address testuser@example.com .

git config --global user.name "testuser"
git config --global user.email "testuser@example.com"


Next we’ll verify the configuration changes by viewing the .gitconfig . Since you may have been roaming around your server’s file system before starting this tutorial, use the cd command to return to your home directory:

cd


And then view the .gitconfig :

cat .gitconfig


You can also view the same details of your configuration by using the following command:

git config --list

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