How To Install Apache Tomcat 7 on Ubuntu 14.04

Step 1a: Install Tomcat with apt-get

Easy… just one command!

apt-get install tomcat7


Step 1b: Install Tomcat from Binary

First, head-on-over to the Apache Tomcat 7 Download site.

Then, under the heading <reference_page_text>7.0.54 (this is the current version as of July 2014), or whichever is the newest version at the time you read this article, you’ll see <reference_page_text>Binary Distributions. Under <reference_page_text>Binary Distributions you’ll see <reference_page_text>Core and then<reference_page_text>tar.gz. Right click on <reference_page_text>tar.gz and copy the URL.

From your server, download Apache Tomcat 7 from the URL you copied in the previous step:

wget http://mirror.cc.columbia.edu/pub/software/apache/tomcat/tomcat-7/v7.0.54/bin/apache-tomcat-7.0.54.tar.gz


Alternatively, if you download the file to your local desktop, you’ll want to transfer the file to your XWEB server.

 

After the download completes, decompress the file:

tar xvzf apache-tomcat-7.0.54.tar.gz


Now, move the file into a proper location:

mv apache-tomcat-7.0.54 /opt/tomcat


Step 2: Install Java


Before you can use Tomcat you’ll have to install the Java Development Kit (JDK). First let’s check to see if Java is installed:

java -version


If that returns the following then Java hasn’t yet been installed:

The program 'java' can be found in the following packages:


To install Java, simply run the following command (and at the prompt enter <reference_page_text>Y to continue):

apt-get install default-jdk


Step 3: Configure .bashrc

Now let’s set the environment variables in .bashrc:

vim ~/.bashrc


Note: If you have questions about Vim, check out our new user tutorial on Vim!

 

Add this information to the end of the file:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java
export CATALINA_HOME=/opt/tomcat


Simply save and exit .bashrc, then make the changes effective by running the following command:

. ~/.bashrc


Step 4: Test Run


Tomcat and Java should now be installed and configured on your server. To activate Tomcat, run the following script:

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh


You should get a result similar to:

Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/default-java
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.


Verify that Tomcat is working by visiting the_IP_of_your_server:8080. For example: http://127.0.0.1:8080

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